The History of Cars
Cars are automobiles that transport people. They are the primary form of transportation for hundreds of millions of people in many countries. More than any other invention, the car has changed the way people live and work. Farmers could get their products to farther places by using a car, and the appearance of cities changed as people began driving to work. In the past, people would walk to work, but now they live in suburbs outside of the town center. And, thanks to the technology of today, cars are more efficient than ever.
The first cars were steam-powered or horse-drawn. They were popular in the late 1800s. The internal combustion engine, or ICE, was invented by the Dutch scientist Christiaan Huygens in the late 1600s. This type of car could travel at high speeds, but it had limited range, and was inconvenient to start. Later, battery-powered electric cars were developed and had a 38 percent share of the U.S. automobile market in 1900.
Modern passenger cars are composed of a frame and body that are largely separate parts. The body shell is typically made of steel and reinforced with braces to ensure rigidity. Unlike cars of the past, modern automobiles use a hierarchy of trim levels. The most basic level of a Honda Civic is the LX, with modest equipment. From there, you can choose between a sporty version and a luxury model. You can also choose between a sedan or a wagon.
The post-World War II era saw the development of automobiles in America. Despite the Great Depression, many independent automakers were forced to close their factories due to low sales. Still, the Model T was the first mass-produced car in the U.S., and it helped shape the face of American society. Having a car meant more freedom. People could visit rural areas and visit farms. The car was an important part of modern life and revolutionized the way we live.
Several inventions made it possible for the automobile to take off. Carl Benz created the first gasoline engine in the early 1880s and other inventors followed suit. In the early decades of car production, the United States and France were more receptive to the new technology than Germany. And it wasn’t long before Benz’s wife, Bertha, undertook the first car road trip in August 1888. That year, she and her husband Carl Benz were married.
Materials used in car production have also made a big difference in the cars’ efficiency and footprint. Certain materials are abundant and easy to obtain but require a great deal of energy to form. In addition to weight and strength, materials can affect fuel economy and emissions, making them a better choice for a car’s engine block. Several mainstream cars now use aluminum as a key component of the engine. Aluminum is also gaining ground as an engine block material.
Several cities have adopted green policies to combat global warming. In San Francisco, for example, a recent road development included environmental mitigation in its design. It also included green bridges for animals to cross. South Korea and India have already made green bridges to combat pollution. The largest automobile market is expected to be in China by 2020. With more than 20 million cars on the streets, China will dominate the world automotive industry by then. These new technologies are transforming the way we live.